# Chapter-4 Bases Accounting Question no. 6, 7 and 8 (2022-2023)

Double Entry Book Keeping Ts Grewal 2019 for Class 11 Commerce Accountancy Chapter 1 - Basic Accounting Terms

# Chapter 4 - Bases Accounting

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#### Question 6:During the financial year 2021-22, Mohan had cash sales of `90,000 and credit sales of ` 60,000. His expenses for the year were ` 70,000 out of which ` 30,000 is still to be paid.

Find out Mohan's income for 2021-22 following the Cash Basis of Accounting.

Cash sales = `90,000

Total Expenses = `70,000

Outstanding Expenses = `30,000

Cash Expenses = `70,000 - `30,000= `40,000

Mohan's income for 2021-22= `90,000- `40,000= `50,000

Answer: Mohan's income for 2021-22= `50,000

Question 7: Taking the figures given in Q. 6, find out the net income according to Accrual Basis of Accounting.

Cash sales = `90,000

Credit Sales =`60,000

Total Sales =90,000 + 60,000 = `1,50,000

Total Expenses = `70,000

Mohan's income for 2021-22== `1,50,000 - `70,000= `80,000

Answer: Mohan's income for 2021-22= `80,000 (On the Accrual Basis)

Question 8: Vijay, a consultant, during the financial year 2021-22 earned `4,00,000. Out of which he received ` 3,50,000. He incurred an expense of ` 1,70,000, out of which `40,000 are outstanding. He also received consultancy fee relating to previous year `45,000 and also paid ` 20,000 expenses of last year.

You are required to determine his income for the year if

(i) He follows Cash Basis of Accounting, and

(ii) He follows Accrual Basis of Accounting.

(i)                 He follows Cash Basis of Accounting:

Expenses Paid in Cash= 1,70,000 - 40,000=1,30,000

Income= 3,50,000 + 45,000- (1,30,000+20,000)

Income for the year = ` 2,45,000

(ii) He follows Accrual Basis of Accounting:

Income = Earing during the year – Expenses Incurred for the year

Income= 4,00,000 - 1,70,000

Income= ` 2,30,000